[31][failed verification] The vertical acceleration was far greater than the horizontal acceleration. In September 2010 and again in February 2011, the city of Christchurch was rocked by earthquakes of magnitude 7.1 and 6.3 respectively. [183] Twenty Chinese students were reported missing following the quake. The President also made a call to Prime Minister Key. In this seminar, Dr Prasanna looked at the geography and natural disaster risk profile of New Zealand followed by a discussion on the NZ’s emergency and service management hierarchies. Christchurch Earthquake Case Study. [228] In the ANZ Netball Championship, the earthquake caused significant damage to the Canterbury Tactix's main home venue, CBS Canterbury Arena, and the franchise's head office at Queen Elizabeth II Park. [45], Road and bridge damage occurred and hampered rescue efforts. According to a study conducted by catalyst, the way in which the underlying contents of the earth, move due to the impact of the earthquake is due to the city sitting on a jelly like base. not including outlying urban areas from other districts, Christchurch continues to have a significantly larger population over Wellington.[239][240]. Many of the people trapped in that building were Japanese and other foreign English language students. [114] The cliff behind Redcliffs School collapsed onto the houses below. It was followed by a large aftershock on 13 June (which caused considerable additional damage) and a series of large shocks on 23 December 2011. Canada is standing by to offer any possible assistance to New Zealand in responding to this natural disaster. Impacts of Christchurch Earthquake In total, the 'rehabilitation' costs $15.1 billion dollars worth of damage, Many businesses needed to fire employees due to the heavy re-building fee. This is still effecting New Zealand’s centre to this day. Some residents went several days without official contact, so neighbours were encouraged to attend to those around them. A state of local emergency was initially declared by the Mayor of Christchurch, which was superseded when the government declared a state of national emergency, which stayed in force until 30 April 2011. [197] Australia's official delegation included Governor-General Quentin Bryce, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, and Opposition Leader Tony Abbott.[198]. The New Zealand Fire Service coordinated search and rescue, with support from the Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) teams from New Zealand, Australia, United Kingdom, United States, Japan, Taiwan, China and Singapore, totalling 150 personnel from New Zealand and 429 from overseas. Sydenham Heritage Church and the Beckenham Baptist Church were heavily damaged, and then demolished days after the earthquake. [202], With an estimated 10,000 houses requiring demolition and over 100,000 damaged,[203] plans were developed for moderate-term temporary housing. [88], On 7 March, Prime Minister John Key said that around 10,000 houses would need to be demolished, and liquefaction damage meant that some parts of Christchurch could not be rebuilt on. [152] The Royal Australian Air Force also assisted with air lifts. [125], Gerry Brownlee, a Cabinet Minister, had his regular portfolios distributed amongst other cabinet ministers so that he could focus solely on earthquake recovery.[126]. [169] Community laundries were set up in affected suburbs. [7] Due to the injuries sustained some bodies remained unidentified. This earthquake created some damage which wasn’t as bad as 2011, but the buildings that didn’t fall were very close to, which made the damage larger in the second large quake. [60], The four-storey Pyne Gould Guinness (PGC) House[61] on Cambridge Terrace, headquarters of Pyne Gould Corporation, collapsed, with 18 casualties. However, authority control was not in place until quite some time after the earthquake and Christchurch didn’t fully reopen until over 2 years after the initial earthquake. [237], In the year to June 2011, the population of Christchurch had fallen by 8,900 people or 2.4% of its population, with a historic annual population growth of 1%. [249][250], The Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) announced it would be the largest single event they had paid out for, with an estimated 7,500 injury claims costing over $200 million. Significant liquefaction affected the eastern suburbs, producing around 400,000 tonnes of silt. Specification: Case study of the management of an earthquake in a developed country. Plate Tectonics. The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a shallow magnitude 6.0 M w earthquake that occurred on 13 June 2011 at 14:20 NZST. On Wednesday morning, 22 hours after the quake, a survivor was pulled from the rubble. [111], Of the 185 victims, 115 people died in the Canterbury Television building alone, while another 18 died in the collapse of PGC House, and eight were killed when masonry fell on Red Bus number 702 in Colombo Street. [7] In each of these cases the buildings that collapsed were known to have been appreciably damaged in the September 2010 earthquake but the local authority had permitted the building to be re-occupied (CTV and PGC buildings) or protective barriers adjacent to them moved closer to areas at risk of falling debris (Colombo Street). [176], The UN and the European Union offered assistance. [256] Because large number of citizens are being displaced, it is difficult to find a representative sample population. [209], 163 primary and secondary schools were affected by the earthquake, most of which were closed for three weeks; 90 had full structural clearance and were able to reopen, 24 had reports indicating further assessment and 11 were seriously damaged. [136] On 1 March, it was announced that the New South Wales Government would be donating A$1 million (NZ$1.3 million[175]) to the victims of the Christchurch earthquake. The disaster management plans that were in place were to some degree to a high standard as the response team was quick to the scene to help with management. [208], The UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive programme was established in 2011 by University of Canterbury Professor Paul Millar. © 2023 by The Painter. The review’s terms of referencewas noted by Cabinet in November 2011[CAB Min (11) 41/9]. The last survivor was pulled from the rubble the day after the quake. [135] They also responded to fires, serious structural damage reports, and landslides working with structural engineers, seismologists and geologists, as well as construction workers, crane and digger operators and demolition experts. Nepal Earthquake 2015. [16], The current New Zealand building code requires a building with a 50-year design life to withstand predicted loads of a 500-year event. Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression. Linwood College and Shirley Boys' High School moved back to their original sites on 1 August (the first day of Term 3), and 13 September 2011 respectively. [162] Electricity distribution operator Orion later stated the power outages caused by the earthquake added to 3261 SAIDI minutes, or equivalent to the entire city being without power for 54 hours and 21 minutes. Christchurch's Catholic cathedral damaged after the earthquake, in 2011. Christchurch Police were supplemented by staff and resources from around the country, along with a 323-strong contingent of Australian Police, who were sworn in as New Zealand Police on their arrival, bringing the total number of officers in the city to 1200. [260][261][262] Self-report can introduce bias to results, leading to skewed data. [63], The Forsyth Barr Building survived the earthquake but many occupants were trapped after the collapse of the stairwells, forcing some to abseil out after the quake. Fergusson, D.M., Horwood, J., Boden, J.M., & Mulder, R.T. (2014). For personal effects, EQC pays out the first NZ$20,000 plus tax. 181 confirmed fatalities were recorded as a direct result of the earthquake. In 2011, an earthquake measuring 6.3 devastated Christchurch and killed 185 people. [115], The nationalities of the deceased are as follows. Positive effects, such as a greater sense of community connection, can aide in helping the community heal as a whole. Trajectories of posttraumatic growth and depreciation after two major earthquakes. The EQC pays out the first NZ$1.5 billion in claims, and the reinsurance companies are liable for all amounts between NZ$1.5 billion and NZ$4 billion. After 7 years, the school is set to be moved to Redcliffs Park in 2020. At 1251 h on Feb 22, 2011, an earthquake struck Christchurch, New Zealand, causing widespread destruction. We will be working alongside them to give as much relief and assistance to New Zealand as we possibly can. [75] Demolition was completed in May 2012. Refrences. The Anglican Church decided to demolish the building and replace it with a new structure, but various groups opposed the church's intentions, with actions including taking a case to court. [165], Generators were donated, and telephone companies established emergency communications and free calls. A magnitude 6.3 earthquake occurred at 1251 hours on Tuesday 22 February 2011 approximately 10 km south- east of Christchurch causing significant damage to a number of buildings and major disruption to the Canterbury region. [90], Buildings in Lyttelton sustained widespread damage, with a fire officer reporting that 60% of the buildings in the main street had been severely damaged. [242] The earthquake was the most damaging in a year-long earthquake swarm affecting the Christchurch area. [105], At the Tasman Glacier some 200 kilometres (120 miles) from the epicentre, around 30 million tonnes (33 million ST) of ice tumbled off the glacier into Tasman Lake, hitting tour boats with tsunami waves 3.5 metres (11 ft) high. [20], GNS Science stated that the earthquake arose from the rupture of an 8 km x 8 km fault running east-northeast at a depth of 1–2 km beneath the southern edge of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary and dipping southwards at an angle of about 65 degrees from the horizontal beneath the Port Hills. [19] 80% of the water and sewerage system was severely damaged. In 2013, it was announced that the tower and ball would be restored, and that funds were to be sought from the community to rebuild the rest of the station. (2015). [20] By comparison, the 2010 quake—in which damage was predominantly to pre-1970s buildings—exerted 65% of the design loading on buildings. Christchurch Earthquake 2011. [107] KiwiRail also delayed 14 March departure of its Interislander ferry Aratere to Singapore for a 30-metre (98 ft) extension and refit prior to the 2011 Rugby World Cup. Fergusson, D.M., Boden, J.M., Horwood, L.J., & Mulder, R.T. (2015). It’s aprox. Dorahy, M.J., Rowlands, A., Renouf, C., Hanna, D., Britt, E., & Carter, J.D. Below is a list of all aftershocks of Richter, moment, and body-wave magnitudes 5.0 and above that occurred in the region between 22 February 2011 and 15 January 2012. [253], A KPMG survey in March 2013 suggested as much as $1.5 billion could be sucked from the rebuild in fraud. [12][21], The peak ground acceleration (PGA) in central Christchurch exceeded 1.8g (i.e. [47] Road surfaces were forced up by liquefaction, and water and sand were spewing out of cracks. [205], On the day of the earthquake, the main secondary school teachers' union, the Post Primary Teachers Association, had arranged a paid union meeting to be held that afternoon for members in the Christchurch area. ... We will be doing everything we can to work with our New Zealand family, with Prime Minister Key and his emergency services personnel, his military officers, his medical people, his search and rescue teams. Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort. [64] Search of the building was technically difficult for USAR teams, requiring the deconstruction of 4-tonne stair sets, but the building was cleared with no victims discovered.[65]. The September, 2010 earthquake in Darfied served as a useful primer that prompted emergency management squads to outline elaborate plans and strategies for maximizing the potential of social media emergency management platforms during the earthquake that struck Christchurch soon after in 2011. [230] AMI Stadium was going to host the rugby league ANZAC Test, however, on 4 March it was announced the match would be moved to Skilled Park on the Gold Coast. In April 2013 the Government estimated the total cost of the rebuild would be as much as $40 billion, up from an earlier estimate of $30 billion. [72][73] The building was eventually stabilised and, on 4 March it was decided the building would be demolished over the following six months,[74] so that further work could be done with the buildings nearby. "[119] It was only the second time that New Zealand had declared a national civil defence emergency; the first occasion was the 1951 waterfront dispute. Due to the extensive damage of a number of secondary schools, many were forced to share with others, allowing one school to use the ground in the morning and the other in the afternoon. Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti could not return to its central city buildings due to demolitions and it has no long term site. [91] Two people died on local walking tracks after being hit by rockfalls. The cost of the rebuild is set to be $16 million. An additional 28 people were killed in various places across the city centre, and twelve were killed in suburban Christchurch. [127][128][129][130][131] Many of them received standing ovations from appreciative locals as they walked through Christchurch Airport upon arrival. [252], In January 2013 Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee said repairs to damaged homes to date had totalled more than $1 billion. [55] As of February 2015, there had been 1240 demolitions within the four avenues since the September 2010 earthquakes. The Ministry of Civil Defence Emergency Management (MCDEM) & commissioned an independent review of the civil defence emergency management (CDEM) response to the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. [7] Fire-fighting and recovery operations resumed that night,[58] later joined by a Japanese search and rescue squad. It was only the second time that New Zealand had declared a national civil defence emergency; the first occasion was the 195… [100] Large boulders were found on the lawns of damaged houses. Though the government supplied money for those who were fired, businesses that needed re … They started work immediately in a multi-agency response to the collapse of the CTV Building on Madras Street. They took into account a technical investigation undertaken by the Department of Building and Housing. Different demographics may benefit from different types of mental counseling to help them recover from trauma. More than 4,500 vehicles were stranded in the city centre during the recovery period. Over the course of a week, LandSAR teams visited 67,000 premises. [122] On 23 February the Minister of Civil Defence, John Carter declared the situation a state of national emergency,[123] the country's first for a civil defence emergency (the only other one was for the 1951 waterfront dispute). [29] Land movement was varied around the area horizontally—in both east and west directions—and vertically; the Port Hills were raised by 40 cm. It will be important to have information on a wide variety of demographic groups because the same mental health treatment will not help all of those affected by a trauma. • Country: New Zealand, MEDC, Oceania • Date & Time: 22nd February 2011 – 12:51pm • New Zealand is located in the Pacific Ocean in the continent of Oceania. Case study from iim ahmedabad game of thrones book review essay! Nepal Earthquake 2015. [110] Over half of the deaths occurred in the six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) Building, which collapsed and caught fire in the earthquake. Some government departments and church groups provided grants and assistance. [159], The 66 kV subtransmission cables supplying Dallington and New Brighton zone substations from Transpower's Bromley substation were damaged beyond repair, which necessitated the erection of temporary 66 kV overhead lines from Bromley to Dallington and Bromley to New Brighton to get power into the eastern suburbs. [52] On 28 February 2011, the Prime Minister announced that there would be an inquiry into the collapse of buildings that had been signed off as safe after the previous earthquake on 4 September 2010, "to provide answers to people about why so many people lost their lives. [92] The town's historic Timeball Station was extensively damaged, adding to damage from the preceding earthquake in September 2010. The only regional acute hospital was compromised but was able to … Perceptions of distress and positive consequences following exposure to a major disaster amongst a well-studied cohort. [48] A number of cars were crushed by falling debris. 1 Peak ground accelerations were among the highest recorded from this type of earthquake.1, 2, 3 Destruction and liquefaction were widespread. [243][244][245], Claims from the 2010 shock were estimated at NZ$2.75–3.5 billion. [84][85][86], Several other churches were seriously damaged, including: Knox Presbyterian Church, St Luke's Anglican Church, Durham Street Methodist Church, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, Oxford Terrace Baptist Church, Holy Trinity Avonside and Holy Trinity, Lyttelton. Recommended Management Plan. The 6.3-magnitude earthquake may have been an aftershock of the 7.1-magnitude 4 September 2010 Canterbury earthquake. Wanaka Primary School alone had received 115 new enrolments as Christchurch families moved to their holiday homes in the town.[212]. The February earthquake occurred during lunchtime on a weekday when the CBD was busy, and many buildings were already weakened from the previous quakes. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people[6][7] in the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. Apart from physical injuries, international literature suggests that psychosocial recovery after a disaster can take five to ten years. These insurers underwrite their commercial losses to reinsurers, who will again bear the brunt of these claims. [68] By mid-2019 early design and stabilisation work had begun. It was deemed unstable and demolished in April 2011. Government expressed its concern over the stalemate and appointed an independent negotiator and in September 2017, the Christchurch Diocesan Synod announced that ChristChurch Cathedral will be reinstated[67] after promises of extra grants and loans from local and central government. The population loss caused by the earthquake reversed this, with the Wellington main urban area back in second position. A decision was made to remove the dome because the supporting structure was weakened. New Zealand's GNS Science has stated that the earthquake was part of the aftershock sequence that has been occurring since the September magnitude-7.1 quake, however a seismologist from Geoscience Australia considers it a separate event given its location on a separate fault system. 1/3 of the city centre didn’t have reinforced masonry, which has caused these structures to be ripped down and rebuilt, with stronger bases, to prepare the city and prevent more extreme damage. Case study customer relationship management heads to the cloud for and against essay e-learning case 2011 study gcse earthquake Christchurch essay on the hero of paradise lost. Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010, List of tallest buildings in Christchurch, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011, The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission, UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive, List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll, "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Technical", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Story", "Ice breaks off glacier after Christchurch quake", "List of deceased – Christchurch earthquake", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Details", "M 6.1 – South Island of New Zealand: Regional information", "Factors combined to intensify Chch quake", "New Zealand hit by strong quake, 65 dead", "Deadly quake could be sign of more to come", "Christchurch earthquake: Rockfall threat still strong, say experts", "Christchurch quake press conference Monday morning", "The Christchurch Feb 22nd Earthquake: A Personal Report", "New Zealand quake raises questions about L.A. buildings", "Second Christchurch fault much better behaved", "Christchurch earthquake: Wrecker's tip for leaning tower", "Christchurch earthquake: Radar points to rupturing of single fault", "Port Hills half a metre taller after Christchurch earthquake", "22 February 2011 – Christchurch badly damaged by magnitude 6.3 earthquake", "Christchurch earthquake: Deadly tremors rebounded on city", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Apr 16 2011 at 5:49 pm (NZST)", "Damage assessed after 'violent' 5.3 aftershock hits Christchurch", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Jun 13 2011 at 1:01 pm (NZST)", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Technical", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Details", "Workmen unscathed as Timeball Station collapses", "Canterbury Earthquake: Fire Service struggling to cope with rescue effort", "Canterbury Earthquake: Main roads to Christchurch open", "Christchurch quake: 'Dead bodies lying around, "New Zealand earthquake: 65 dead in Christchurch", "Christchurch quake: 'Buildings just piled on top of people, "How will we rebuild our shattered city? 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