It is a small nocturnal animal with large eyes, greyish fur and a long tail. [7] The favoured food sources are trees in the genus Terminalia, but certain other tree species also provide gum, including Adansonia spp., and the buds of Zanthoxylum tsihanimposa. COMMON NAME: Eastern Fork-Marked Lemur. The full resolution version of this lemurs chart is available at here.This table and chart was last updated on August 8, 2012, based on data downloaded from the IUCN Red List site. The Pale Fork-marked Lemur is an arboreal, nocturnal primate, that lives in the dry wes tern forests of. [32][44] Just before dawn, they also communicate again on their way to their sleep site. [39] Pariente's fork-marked lemur is found in the Sambirano region in the northwest,[40] and the pale fork-marked lemur is in the west of the island. electromontis). Phaner electromontis is a light gray species of fork-marked lemur. Common Name(s): fork-marked lemur [English] Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur [English] Masoala Fork-marked Lemur [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Gray often created mysterious and unexplained taxonomic names. In captivity, P. furcifer strongly favored preying mantises and moths of the family Sphingidae while ignoring grasshoppers, larva of the moth genus Coeloptera, and small reptiles. [48] They are considered very vocal animals, and have a complex range of calls. [42] Studies of P. pallescens at Kirindy Forest found up to a 20% drop in body mass during the dry season despite no changes in exudate production, indicating flowers and insects have a significant impact on the species' health. Animalia: information (1)Animalia: pictures (20673)Animalia: specimens (7109)Animalia: sounds (722)Animalia: maps (42) PhylumChordatachordates. Only the pale fork-marked lemur (P. pallescens) has been studied relatively well, primarily by Pierre Charles-Dominique, Jean-Jacques Petter, and Georges Pariente during two expeditions in the 1970s and a more extensive 1998 study in Kirindy Forest. ... Gray mouse lemur. Females have not been observed giving birth in consecutive years. The aye-aye, mouse lemurs, woolly lemurs, and sportive lemurs are nocturnal, while ring-tailed lemurs and most of their kin, sifakas, and indri are diurnal. They are the most phylogenetically distinct of the cheirogaleids, and considered a sister group to the rest of the family. Although French naturalist Alfred Grandidier accepted Gray's new genus (while also lumping the other cheirogaleids in Cheirogaleus and illustrating the cranial similarities between cheirogaleids and Lepilemur) in 1897,[11] the genus Phaner was not widely accepted. The source of this specimen is unknown, but thought to be Antongil Bay. [44], Fork-marked lemurs are thought to be preyed upon by large owls, such as the Madagascar owl (Asio madagascariensis), and snakes like the Malagasy tree boa (Sanzinia madagascariensis). Crowned lemur. The specimen demonstrated a slightly different color pattern from other fork-marked lemur species. d'Ambre Fork-crowned Lemur in English Mt. The collection of mammals of the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) started during the XVIIIth century. Phaner electromontis is a light gray species of fork-marked lemur. d'Ambre Fork-crowned Lemur : Species: Phaner furcifer (de Blainville, 1839) – fork-marked lemur, Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur, Masoala Fork-marked Lemur Subscribe Latest Issues Menu. Females produce milk for two years following the birth of the young. Since then, the "fork-marked" prefix has become more widely used. [58], International Union for Conservation of Nature, African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "New species of lemur discovered in Madagascar", "New lemur: big feet, long tongue and the size of squirrel", "Estimating the phylogeny and divergence times of primates using a supermatrix approach", "Giant rabbits, marmosets, and British comedies: etymology of lemur names, part 1", "Seeing the wood through the trees: The current state of higher systematics in the Strepsirhini", "Primate jumping genes elucidate strepsirrhine phylogeny", Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews, "Concatenation and concordance in the reconstruction of mouse lemur phylogeny: An empirical demonstration of the effect of allele sampling in phylogenetics", Plate with skull used by Blainville, 1839, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fork-marked_lemur&oldid=995982485, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 22:25. As their name suggests, black-and-white ruffed lemurs have black and white bodies. Aside from their dorsal forked stripe, they have dark rings around their eyes, and large membranous ears. dense trees in savannah areas . Lemurs are strepsirrhine primates, all species of which are endemic to Madagascar. Fork-marked lemurs either consume the gum as it seeps from cracks in the bark of parasitized trees or gouge open the bark with their toothcomb to scoop it up directly with their long tongue. It is listed on CITES Appendix I. In some … Common Name: Masoala Fork-marked Lemur. They were also protected under CITES Appendix I as of 1973. [37][36][47] Multiple family groups may gather in these meeting areas, and females will often socialize with the other females and young. It has a complex itinerary which it regularly follows, and later in the night it visits other less-favoured gum-sources and returns to the previously visited trees and gleans any gum it has missed. Phaner pallescens is the palest and possibly the smallest of the fork-marked lemurs. d'Ambre Fork-crowned Lemur : Species: Phaner furcifer (de Blainville, 1839) – fork-marked lemur, Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur, Masoala Fork-marked Lemur Both patterns of sexual dimorphism are consistent with the theory of sexual selection for monogamous species and female dominance respectively. Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students.ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Fork-marked lemurs are among the least studied of all lemurs and are some of the largest members of the family Cheirogaleidae, weighing around 350 grams (12 oz) or more. [24] If correct, this would make the family Cheirogaleidae paraphyletic. Females have a narrow, bare patch of white skin in the same location, but theirs does not appear to produce secretions. [44] While feeding, females appear to be dominant, gaining first access to food. [44] Although fork-marked lemurs have widely varied forest habitat, gum and other plant exudates of other species are likely to dominate their diet. Scientific American. [4] The rest of the pelage is some shade of reddish or brownish grey. There are no published body measurements available for this species, but three animals from Montagne d’Ambre (one male and two females) measured by E. E. Louis Jr. Family: Cheirogaleidae. Discover How Long Eastern lesser bamboo lemur Lives ... Scientific Name: Hapalemur griseus. Genus Phaner fork-marked lemur. It is a small nocturnal animal with large eyes, greyish fur and a long tail. Phaner Gray, 1870 – fork-marked lemurs : Direct Children: Species: Phaner electromontis Groves and Tattersall, 1991 – Montagne d'Ambre Fork-marked Lemur, Mt. MORE IN LEMUR CATEGORY. Discover How Long Eastern lesser bamboo lemur Lives. [35] The molars are relatively small compared to other cheirogaleids, with the second upper and lower molars (M2 and M2) having reduced functionality compared to those of mouse lemurs. The Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur (Phaner furcifer), also known as the Eastern Fork-marked Lemur, is found in the coastal forests of northern and western Madagascar.. Phaner furcifer subsists on a diet consisting mainly of the gum of trees in temperate deciduous forests. The fork-crowned lemur, or fork-marked lemur is from the family, Cheriogaleidae, containing the various dwarf and mouse lemurs all found in Madagascar. Family Cheirogaleidae consists of the mouse lemurs (smallest of all primates), the dwarf lemurs, and the fork-marked lemurs and their allies. [36], Mating has been observed to take place at the end of the dry season, in early November, and births were inferred between late February and early March. Like all lemurs, they are protected against commercial trade under CITES Appendix I. Fork-marked lemurs were first documented in 1839 by Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville when he described the Masoala fork-marked lemur (P. furcifer) as Lemur furcifer. Common Name(s): Pale Fork-marked Lemur [English] Pale Fork-crowned Lemur [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met [6][32] They have also been documented eating gums from Commiphora species and Colvillea racemosa, bud exudates from Zanthoxylum tsihanimposa, sap from baobab trees (Adansonia species),[32] nectar from Crateva greveana flowers, the sugary excretions from bugs (family Machaerotidae) which feed on trees of the genus Rhopalocarpus,[6][32][44] and very small amounts of fruit. [6] As well as their stress call and fighting call, they emit a Hon call (contact call between male-female pairs), Ki and Kiu calls (more excited contact calls that identify the caller), and a Kea call (a loud call shared between males in adjacent territories). Certain beetle larvae burrow just under the bark of Terminalia and leave characteristic galleries that ooze gum. Forked-marked lemurs belong to the genus, or group of species, called Phaner. Skip to main content. Similarly, other fork-marked lemur species also occur over a wide range of elevations (Mittermeier et al. Scientific Collections ... Name Homonyms Phaner furcifer (de Blainville, 1839) Common names ... Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur in English Masoala Fork-marked Lemur in English Masoala Fork-marked Lemur in English fork-marked lemur in English Bibliographic References. [46] In areas where territory overlap occurs ("meeting areas"), several neighbors may gather and vocalize together without aggression. [18] These lemurs get their common name from the distinctive forked stripe on their head. [8], The male and female are in frequent vocal communication throughout the night, but this species in unusual among nocturnal lemurs in not communicating through olfactory signals, and the urine and faeces are allowed to drop to the forest floor. Species Phaner furcifer fork-marked lemur. [37] While running, they can leap 4 to 5 m (13 to 16 ft) horizontally between tree branches without losing height or as much as 10 m (33 ft) while falling a short distance. Black lemur ... Gray mouse lemur. The ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) is a lairge strepsirrhine primate an the maist recognised lemur due tae its lang, black an white ringed tail. This photo was taken at the Analamazaotra Reserve in the Andasibe-Mantadia National Park, Madagascar. Red Brown Lemur. Animal Life ... Scientific Name: Eulemur fulvus. The head-and-body length is in the range 227 to 285 mm (9 to 11 in), with a tail of 285 to 370 mm (11 to 15 in). [30] Fork-marked lemurs are not found in the southern spiny forests in the dry southern part of the island, and only recently have been reported from the southeastern rainforest at Andohahela National Park, though this has not been confirmed. [16][17], The etymology of the genus Phaner puzzled researchers for many years. Like other cheirogaleids, their first lower premolar (P2) is caniniform and large, while the cingulids (ridges) on the three lower premolars are more developed compared to most other cheirogaleids. Their high-pitched, whistling calls help researchers identify them in the field. This structure consists of a row of lower incisors that are long and forward pointing. averaged 27.2 ±0.4 cm in head-body length; 34.4 ±0.2 cm in tail length, and 387 ±35 g in weight. Animalia: information (1)Animalia: pictures (20673)Animalia: specimens (7109)Animalia: sounds (722)Animalia: maps (42) PhylumChordatachordates. In the early 1930s, Ernst Schwarz, Guillaume Grandidier, and others resurrected the name, citing characteristics that were intermediate between Cheirogaleus and Microcebus. Phaner: pictures (1) Related Taxa. [5], This lemur is endemic to northeastern Madagascar. [27][30] The lemurs' ears are relatively large and membranous. GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION: Madagascar . They include the smallest primate in the world, Madame Berthe's mouse lemur, which weighs 30 gra Family: Cheirogaleidae. [4], This species is nocturnal and has a territory containing about three exclusive Terminalia trees and access to about nine more in overlapping territories. Greater bamboo lemu... Malayan Flying Lemu... Masoala Fork-marked... Mongoose lemur. [36] The offspring may remain under the care of their parents for three years or more,[44] and there is no information about their dispersal at maturity. Fork-marked lemurs are rarely kept in captivity,[37] and their captive lifespan can range from 12[57] to 25 years. ... Common Name: Black-and-white ruffed lemur. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 57:166-167 (abstract). [2], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Union for Conservation of Nature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Masoala_fork-marked_lemur&oldid=967158940, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 July 2020, at 13:54. Like all lemurs, they are native to Madagascar, where they are found only in the west, north, and east sides of the island. [21] A study published in 2013 also grouped fork-marked lemurs with sportive lemurs[23] when it used 43 morphological traits and mtDNA. ±0.4 cm in head-body length ; 34.4 ±0.2 cm in tail length, little! 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Females produce milk for two years following the birth of the young Eastern lesser bamboo lemur Lives... scientific.! Contain fragments of insect chitin again on their throat, but their distribution is discontinuous Name French Name status.!