If you want to go organic, you can make your own plant tea by soaking leaves of the tithonia plant (nicknamed African sunflower), or/and pawpaw leaves, in a bucket of water for two weeks, keep on stirring the mixture every three days to add oxygen which is needed for decomposition (this mixture will smell like cow urine so put it away from your windows). It is often served and eaten with ugali. It best performs at altitudes of between 800m to 2200 above sea level. Thank you, In reply to Thank you. Sukuma wiki is the Swahili name for collard greens. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'value_co_ke-medrectangle-4','ezslot_7',110,'0','0'])); For optimum yield, Sukuma Wiki requires enough water during its growing period. After sukuma wiki, do not plant cabbages or spinach. Urbanisation is here to stay and as population increases in urban areas, the cost of food shoots, vegetable shortages bite, in addition to rising concern about the health safety of vegetables consumed in cities like Nairobi. She learned how to plant crops in multistage gardens, tins, and on ridges. After three days, your Sukuma/spinach will have germinated, water daily and after four weeks they will be ready to be taken to the gunia or your backyard. Sukuma wiki For non Kenyans : sukuma wiki is a kale, a tall cabbage plant. Sukuma Wiki can grow nearly in any climatic condition, provided water is available. Sukuma wiki is a twist of eforiro, a vegetable sauce I grew up eating only with slightly different spices, but they are both excellent sauces you could get on the table in about forty minutes. In Tanzania, Kenya and many parts of East Africa, colewort are more commonly known by their Swahili name, sukuma, and are often referred to as collard greens. Sukuma wiki is a staple in many East African countries like Kenya, Burundi, and Tanzania. Farming Collard Greens is profitable because it is consumed by nearly every household in Kenya, at least once a week. It also increases soil structure and drainage properties of the soil. Water your gunia from the top, uproot your seedlings from the nursery-remember to hold the bottom part of the stem when uprooting and use your fingers to plant the seedlings into the gunia holes. Mfalme F1 can tolerate some pests and diseases. Sukuma Wiki can grow nearly in any climatic condition, provided water is available. Sukuma wiki is an East African dish made with collard greens, known as sukuma, cooked with onions and spices. Urban agriculture can be done using very little space, Four Things You Can Grow In Your Backyard/Balcony And Everything You Need To Grow Them Successfully, […] If your lucky enough to have some space to grow a few plants and flowers just to make things colourful and natural, then used teabags should come in handy. Sukuma wiki is an East African dish made with collard greens, known as sukuma, cooked with onions and spices. Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Services (KEPHIS), Lagrotech Seed Company, Warwick-HRI,UK Participatory learning with farmers Improved Kinale kale seed lines Sukuma Wiki Super Seed Smallholder vegetable production is an important engine for economic growth in peri-urban areas of East and southern Africa. It ready for harvest between 45 to 60 days and can be harvested throughout one year after the first harvest. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The Collard Greens seedlings will be about 4 weeks old. This is a very popular veggie in East Africa, it is called 'Sukuma Wiki', meaning 'push the week' because it is consumed almost every day in most homes.Tree collards are one of the easiest vegetables to grow in a home garden. It is a Swahili phrase meaning, “to stretch the week” especially when paired Ugali (cornmeal fufu). Besides vegetables such as spinach, onions and sukuma wiki, one can also plant strawberries in the garden. The vegetable has a ready market, it is easy to grow and cook, thus making it a favourite for both consumers and farmers. In the nursery, prepare drills across the beds at a spacing of 10 to 15 centimetres apart and 2 centimeters deep. But his main money maker is sukuma wiki which he supplies to the village and beyond in Rarieda. In this recipe, I have sautéed collard greens in palm oil. Fill it with small pebbles-you can use the ‘kokoto’ used in construction and continue adding soil around it up to the top; gently remove the tin leaving the stones in the middle. The Republic of Kenya … Since sukuma wiki and spinach are in the same family, they require the same environmental conditions to grow; they take a similar amount of time to mature, in addition to being attacked by the same pests. Very resourceful, Cover the bed with a thin layer of mulch, to avoid unearthing of the seeds. Swahili is the most commonly spoken language in Africa, with around 5 million people speaking Swahili as a native language and over 100 million more as a second language. The name means "pushing out the week". Sukuma wiki Last updated January 14, 2020 Ugali and sukuma wiki A bundle of sukuma (collard greens). Additionally, you will also need plant-tea organic fertiliser and a homemade pesticide to keep your plants healthy. A 50 kg gunia should handle a maximum of 35 plants but feel free to experiment with more. You’ll see the outcome in the way people will be rushing to place orders. Only harvest the outer leaves, so that you can continue harvesting as new leaves develop. Make the nursery about 1 metre wide. [1] Contents. SUKUMA WIKI In Congo and in East Africa (Tanzania and Kenya), the plant is referred to by the generic name of sukuma wiki, which literally translates as stretch the week. Sukuma wiki is a staple in many East African countries like Kenya, Burundi, and Tanzania. Stones in the middle of gunny bag to improve drainageImage from https://gardeningkiwi.wordpress.com/2015/05/06/how-and-why-you-should-grow-a-gunny-sack-garden/. In reply to Which is the best sukuma… by John kyungu, Plant Mfalme F1 or the F1 breed from Continental seed company you'll harvest so much. Control pests in the nursery to ensure the seedlings are healthy. Thinly spread your seeds, fill the trenches with soil, cover with some grass and water-use a watering can that spreads water in a shower. Thanks. When weeding, do it in a shallow manner in order to avoid injuring the sukuma wiki leaves. This should be only done where soils are poor, Apply one teaspoon of DAP or TSP on the planting garden before transplanting in the ratio of one teaspoon per hole, Top dress with one teaspoon of CAN per hole, 2 weeks after transplanting, When the leaves start to fold, top-dress CAN, at the rate of one teaspoon per hole, Harvesting Sukuma Wiki and Post Harvest Care, Schools, hospitals and other institutions, Passion Fruit Farming Guide for 2021. It has short spaces between the nodes, developing many leaves per internode. It has very good heat tolerance. One of the real Kenyan staples. Ecological Requirements of growing Sukuma Wiki. It is a form of a cabbage where green leaves do not form a head. The spacing for Sukuma Wiki depends on the size of the leaves/head. In 2017, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) released the Africa Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition Report, which indicated that 22.7 percent of people in sub-Sahara are chronically undernourished. This traditional recipe is simple to prepare and uses few ingredients, but the finished dish is extremely tasty and satisfying! [1] It is often served and eaten with ugali (made from maize flour). Sukuma wiki literally means ‘to push the week’ in Kenya’s national language, Kiswahili, which is spoken throughout Kenya. This is a very popular veggie in East Africa, it is called 'Sukuma Wiki', meaning 'push the week' because it is consumed almost every day in most homes.Tree collards are one of the easiest vegetables to grow in a home garden. KARI Improved Kienyeji / Karlo Improved Kienyeji Breed Information and management. You will have healthier soil and a better crop. Sukuma Wiki (Kale) Lastly is kale which is the most common vegetable belonging to the cruciferous cabbage family. The birds will eat the pests. Transplant plant the seedlings when they have 4 to 5 true roots. The mulch can be removed after germination. A great and nutritious win for busy mamas. If you have a bit more space create a raised bed of soil one metre wide and a length dependant on the number of seedlings you want. Sukuma Wiki is a Swahili expression which can be translated to mean “stretching the week” (stretching food to last the week) and feeding a family day by day. 30 by 30 centimetres for small sukuma wiki with small leaves, 60 by 45 centimetres for sukuma wiki with medium-sized leaves, 60 by 60 centimetres for sukuma wiki with large leaves. I'll be a better sukuma wiki farmer going forward. The best soils for growing Sukuma Wiki are those that are well-drained and rich in organic matter. What does Sukuma Wiki mean? Growing vegetables provides nutrition, Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Please let us know which varieties you would like us to compare. Copyright 2019 - value.co.ke . Sukuma Wiki is rich in beta carotene, vitamin K, vitamin C, lutein, zeaxanthin, roughage, iron and calcium. Wet tea bags contain tannic acid which lowers the pH of the soil creating a perfect environment for your plants. Individual plants can live up to 20 years & propagated by cuttings. Crowding also creates a good environment for diseases. Collards Southern Georgia by Royal Seeds Kenya is a drought-tolerant Sukuma Wiki variety, with the yield potential of 6000kgs per acre. It is mostly fried alone or with a mixture of other vegetables, especially onion and tomatoes, and served mostly with Ugali and Beef. How does Mfalme F1 and Sukuma Siku Hybrid varieties compare in yield per harvest per acre? The optimum temperature range is between 17 degrees Celsius and 22 degrees celsius. Spread the seeds thinly and cover lightly with soil, thereafter cover the bed/container with grass and water. Sukuma wiki is a very rustic African dish, enjoyed in many parts of East African countries like Kenya, Tanzania- just to name a few. She learned how to transplant the seedlings and to make organic fertilizers and manure, among other agricultural skills. Mango Farming Guide - From Planning to Harvest, How to Start Profitable Kienyeji Chicken Farming in Kenya. Sukuma Wiki requires at least 6 hours of direct sunlight. Manual or semi-mechanical weeding can be done to remove the weeds. You can plant spinach in either spring or fall, or both if you want to produce a biannual harvest! What does Sukuma Wiki mean? This is a vegetable that most households grow if they have the space, and it is also cheap to buy, highly nutricious and delicious. I will from today… by Patrick Masitsa, Which type of sukuma wiki from East African seed may be favourite in eastern Uganda especially in bugiri district. Incidentally, sukuma wiki means “to push the week” which implies sukuma wiki is a food used to stretch the meals to last for the week. Download FREE Business Plan, Complete Guide to Chicken Feed Formulation, Vaccination schedule for Kienyeji chicken for 2021, A Detailed Guide to Bulb Onion farming in Kenya, Watermelon Farming in Kenya Guide for 2021, Complete Guide to Open Field Tomato Farming, Kuroiler Chicken Breed information and management, Rainbow Rooster Chicken Breed Information and management, Kenbro Chicken Breed Information and management, How to farm strawberries in Kenya in 2021. Collard greens are known as sukuma wiki in Tanzania and Kenya. Sukuma Wiki Recipe. It takes a short time to mature and most varieties can be harvested several times before the need to plant again. Closer to the wild cabbage, than he domesticated cabbage, Collard Greens is common in Kenya by 90% of small scale farmers. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Because it is cheap but nutritious, sukuma wiki has become a lifeline for millions of people living in Kenya. For a nursery you can use a container (20-litre jerrican cut into two), alternatively, the top of your gunia-which now has a circular patch of stones surrounded by soil, will act as your nursery. The Marrow Stem Sukuma Wiki is good for cooler climate, with a good distribution of rainfall. Your sukuma wiki/spinach should be ready for harvesting in 3-4 weeks after transplanting, harvest in the mornings or evening. Beans and peas are very good for your soil as they add Nitrogen. thanks for the page i was about to do transplanting but i have stoped it after reading this, we tried a thousand headed here in south sudan but didnt work well,what could be the reason, In reply to we tried a thousand headed… by odongo Richards, Simply try out Georgian Collard, Mfalme F1 or Spiner F1 you'll be sorted I have spoken about the problem of 1000 headed Kales and that's from experience, The post is too educative and i would like to ask hw many litres of water is needed per week, Very informative, I would to know the best kale variety to grow in a green house in Nyanza. Out of any leafy green vegetable, mainly collards or kale Kienyeji Chicken in. Other varieties of sukuma ( collard greens, known as sukuma in and! Phosphorus helps in good root development a member of Rotaract one year after the first harvest costs associated it... 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