Today, cognitive learning theory is dominant in psychology. What is Learning Theory? Learning Theories are conceptual frameworks that describe the manner in which the information is absorbed, processed and retained during learning. This theory helps us understand how people are influenced and their influence on the environment. The social learning theory also called observational learning, stresses the ability of an” individual to learn by observing what happens to other people and just by being told about something. Social Learning Theory. Edward L. Thorndike’s (1874-1949) contribution to learning psychology is of major importance because his theory is the starting point of explaining the process of child learning which he thought is similar to animal learning. Social Cognitive Theory. Situated learning theory is similar to social learning theory, which describes learning as a cognitive process that takes place in a social context. Learning theories develop hypotheses that describe how this process takes place. This might be true, however, great teachers also become experts at applying the educational learning theories covered in every teacher training program. Teachers synthesize multiple theories, some of them decades-old, in order to improve their students' learning outcomes. One of the major components of social cognitive theory is observational learning. Learning Theories are frameworks that are extensively used by Instructional Designers to meet the requirements of the target audience and the situation. These factors are used to obtain, improve or change one's knowledge or ability to perform an action. To do justice to this mandate, an Instructional Designer must first understand the Learning Theories in order to apply them. The scientific study of learning started in earnest at the dawn of the 20th Lecture Notes: Learning This chapter covers the major theories of learning (Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, and Social Learning Theory). Many people believe that all one needs to be a good teacher is a solid foundation of knowledge in the subject or grade level and a decent ability to connect with children or adolescents. Often, the same content can be presented in different ways. Classical Conditioning (CC)—This approach was developed by Ivan Pavlov. Whoa! In Vygotsky's view, learning is an inherently social process. His sociocultural theory also suggested that parents, caregivers, peers and the culture at large were responsible for developing higher-order functions. Pavlov was not originally a psychologist—he was a physiologist who studied how dogs digested their food. Learning Theories provide a framework for such learning solutions. That action may be mental or physical. Learning is defined as a process that brings together personal and environmental experiences and influences for acquiring, enriching or modifying one’s knowledge, skills, values, attitudes, behaviour and world views. Learning theories are basically a study of what occurs in the learning … Learning is a process that combines emotion, perception, and environment. It is broken down into two categories. While some of those theories never leave the abstract realm, many of them are put into practice in classrooms on a daily basis. Through interacting with others, learning becomes integrated into an individual's understanding of the world. The learning process has been a popular subject for theoretical analysis for decades. Once they understand the strengths and weaknesses of each Learning Theory, they can optimise their use. 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