When indicating a major key, you can omit the word major. You’ll notice the patterns that use the index or middle finger use the same pattern. The easiest way to learn the Major scales on guitar is to break them into 5 smaller more manageable chunks/patterns. Here is our guitar scales chart. the same intervals. (octave) of the root note appears on the D each note in a scale, the separation of a scale's degrees. Use the major scale on a single string to connect them. AP-012 What are the biggest chord mistakes for beginner guitar players?         Once you have this scale, you are on your way. The first four figures show the same pattern with dots, notes, degrees, and fingerings. Spell your scale then modify the notes that are flatted or sharped within the key. Clicking here and on the image below will open a PDF file of the Guitar Major Scale Chart that prints nicely. Guitar Scales Chart: The Major Scale. scale has seven degrees. For example, play a C Major chord then play a C Major scale. The degrees of the scale (roman numerals) are used to specify chord progressions. I am familiar with the major scale through rote memorization. and continues in varying whole step and half step intervals up to 7. How to Play the A Major Scale on Guitar Lesson: Playing the A Major Scale on Guitar. Start with the root note for the key you are using. If you have questions or feedback, please contact me. You can learn more about that in, You should be able to use fretboard diagrams. It shows the 6 most common guitar scales in their most common positions. on the same fret scale. scale, in other Knowing the notes within the pattern will help you avoid ruts and plateaus in your playing (trust me, I’ve been there). This very popular scale has the formula WWHWWWH , where the W equals a whole step (2 frets), and the H equals a half step (1 fret). The second is the finger that should play that root note.        Fret 7. The root note defines the key in which we play the It contains a repeating pattern of seven notes at specified intervals of whole and half steps. If you have a good knowledge of major scale patterns on the guitar fretboard then you’ll be able to play every modal scale. So what makes it a scale? scale most of us are familiar with and it's what chords and other Learn them from the root notes of the chords that you know. See if there are any other visual The first position of the major scale, seen above, is the "standard" way of playing the major scale, which most guitarists know. The Major Scale scale is made up of the Root, Major Second, Major Third, Perfect Fourth, Perfect Fifth, Major Sixth, and Major Seventh. Using this formula it is very easy to form a major scale on a single string of the guitar. Please use my order of practice above and apply the following exercises to those ideas. If you liked this lesson, do me a favor and like my facebook page so you can learn when I post new lessons. nutshell: a repeating sequence of intervals. One of the best things about playing the guitar is the ability to move shapes (e.g. string, we'd be playing B major. To learn more about scales, check our … Try connecting the patterns with the same pattern an octave higher. Very helpful. The A Major scale pictured below: Learn the Major scale by breaking the it into 5 smaller patterns. the second occurrence so it would be the G major I’m glad you enjoyed the article. Therefore this would be the E Okay, let’s jump into this scale shape. note (E in this case), but higher sounding. As you shift a line of the pattern from the 3rd to the 2nd string, the notes of that line move up one fret. Notes are displayed in the fingerboard diagram with blue color with the root notes indicated by darker color. Thank you for the insight.         In this case, the interval between A and B is a half step instead of a whole step. appears one fret left of the lowest root note on the A string AND a A half step up from A is Bb. When you’re done, you can practice it on different strings by finding an F and repeating the pattern. There are three ways to learn scales on the guitar: Notes, Intervals, and Patterns. The first note, A, is the root note of the scale. So... Once we get to note 7, the Below are 7 of the most useful single-octave patterns that you will encounter. You can check yourself (or cheat) with my list of major scale notes. Learning the major scale is a big deal. Additionally, you can alternate them to obtain box patterns. This will help you improve your speed. Copyright © 2020 Patrick MacFarlane. (called the root higher octave) of the root note appears on the high E string string, the 1st note would be G Scales are always spelled in alphabetic note order. Intervals are the distances/gaps         Practice alternate picking while playing the patterns. I say upgrade because it’s good to think of these scales as more complex versions of their pentatonic counterparts in which two notes are added to a five note skeleton. Remember to say the notes as you play them. Pay attention to the sound and the steps. Ah yes, the happiest and the mother of all musical scales. again an octave higher. Own it. The root notes are always A tones. The problem is that this is not a major scale. The A Major is a seven-note scale. I provide all five because some are easier to play than others. The major scale has seven notes, but looking at the scale diagram, you’re probably wondering why there are more than seven notes in this scale shape. The notes of a chord can be derived from the major scale. Once you learn to play one Major scale, you can play all Major (and minor) scales in every key. This convention is helpful when musicians communicate. another as the 1st root note. The notes, in order, are C – D – E – F – G – A -B – C – B -A -G -F – E – D – C. I want to get you thinking about the relationship between the major scale and chords. Start from a chord’s root note at that location. The 3-1 single-octave pattern is useful when you want to play a melody in a higher register. For example, A# is enharmonically the same as Bb (A# and Bb are the same pitch with different names). relationships between its intervals. Some guitarists like to start with a 6-4 pattern and shift to a 6-2 pattern by playing 4 notes on the 5th string (with a hand shift). auditory) That way,  you’ll know a pattern for chords rooted on the 5th and 6th string.         Scales are always spelled in alphabetic note order. This is arguably the most important scale you can learn. You should learn The rest of the scale is built in relation to this root. Before I can explain how the major scale is formed, you must understand the intervals between the named notes. We will start with the A major scale as an example and eventually play the major scale in all 12 keys. Thanks alot.. Single-octave patterns are the simplest patterns to learn. discover, it's not just a scale for the If it looks unfamiliar to you, play through it. I think this is one of the best ways to learn the step-pattern. You could also link the 6-2 single-octave pattern with the 4-2 single-octave pattern to form a diagonal pattern (not shown). Say the notes as you play them. For example if you take the G Major scale above and move it to the 5th fret root, it becomes A Major. In theory, you could learn 3 patterns and cover the entire fretboard. This simplifies your effort in finding the scale. Whichever note the root lies is the theoretical key of the scale. Next, extend the scale by using another single-octave pattern that connects to the one you know. Say the notes as you play them. Play a single octave pattern. I’m glad you like it.         for organising other important musical elements.         note, so if If we'd started from the open B For more info on the scales themselves take a look at our guitar scales section where you will find more details on these scales and links to further guitar scale content.. by The versatility and playability of the scale makes it a popular choice for use in guitar soloing and melodies. Try this with other patterns. By linking together the single-octave patterns, you can make one big multi-octave pattern for the entire fretboard. You can learn more about them in my. This lessons explains how to form the major scale along with the patterns that make it easy to play anywhere on the fretboard. Numbers are often used to designate the degree of the scale in the repeating pattern. To make it a major scale, we need to fix the intervals with accidentals. The major scale should be one of the first scales you You can find your single-octave patterns within the box patterns.         If you’re descending from 5-2, shift the pattern on the 2nd string (6-4). Each major scale is related to a major key. The patterns that use the pinky finger use the same finger. lesson. Major Scale: Essential Information. You can use this knowledge to find the chord tones within the scale. Therefore, we need to flat the B to make it a half step. 6-4 means that you should start with your pinky finger instead. string, we'd be playing G major. You can also play the scale on a string. Practice shifting between the box patterns. by . If you need help in reading the diagrams on this page, check the How to read music for guitar tutorial. It's that typical "do-re-mi" I labeled the patterns in a similar way to how Larry Bruno labels his box patterns. This will help you extend the scales even more.         All Rights Reserved. It is actually the Lydian Mode. Your email address will not be published. You can learn more in my, You should have a working knowledge of notation and tablature. At the end, play the next octave on a single string until you run out of room. Major Scale Formula: Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Tone – Semitone. Learn the single-octave patterns first. I use two numbers, the first is the string number of the lowest root note. They, too, are relative major and minor chords and scales.         Ex: 6-2 Box rooted on the 5th and 17th fret. Sing them if you can. The guitar is complicated because you can play the same pitch in multiple locations on the fretboard; however it is easy because it gives us repeatable patterns. A ii-V-I means you would play a D minor, G Major, C Major in order. Good luck with your playing! This is known as the major triad, the basis of major scales (and chords). So clear and well-structured.         A scale is a sequence of notes in ascending or descending order. Play all 5 box patterns in two locations. You'll transfer this knowledge to other scales that share The guitar major scale is the first scale you should master. that major scale pattern above to start with and learn the visual (and For example, the key of C (major) corresponds to the C Major Scale. are as follows... W = whole step (equivalent 2 fret interval) It also fits nicely under your fingers. Essentially, once you’ve played the first seven notes in the scale, you’re going to repeat those notes in a higher octave. Later, I will show you the rules that govern which one to use. Thank you for the kind words! The C chord is the I chord. It is used in improvisation, chord construction, diatonic harmony, and much more. Remember that these notes repeat up the fretboard (ex: the first fret has the same note name as the 13th fret). It takes a while, I’m not going to lie. the third occurrence (even Shift the box on the string before or after the root note. the 3rd I had been searching for something to explain the fretboard on C major scale for long. The major scale gives us a wonderful foundation to use for learning other scales. For example, 6-2 indicates that you should find the root on the 6th string and start it with your middle finger. What follows are diagrams and explanations of how to play a major scale in every position on the neck of the guitar. Exercise 2: For every key, play the major scale on each individual string. I’m glad you found the 6-2 pattern helpful. I recommend the following ordered approach to practicing it. Just as you use G major scale notes to play the E minor scale by starting on the 6th degree, you use G major scale chords to play in the key of E minor. Once you memorize the scale intervals in a Major and Minor scale, you will be able to use it anywhere on the neck. different root notes. Just pay attention to your root notes. The degrees are given in numbers or roman numerals (as shown). Form box patterns by linking the single octave patterns: 6-2 & 4-4, 6-4 & 3-1. This article is incredibly helpful. again) - the same as scales can be referenced against. I want to show you how to form an F Major scale because it uses an accidental. As you can tell from the name, a pentatonic scale consists of Can you see the chords that you already know? Now you have F-G-A-Bb-C-D-E, the F Major Scale. learn on guitar, because it's one of the most commonly All of these concepts are also explained in Guitar Lesson World The Book. When we look at the construction of the major scale, all we have to do is put our whole steps and half steps in order. I recommend two exercises to help you learn the major scale pattern and sound. Guitar Scale Practice Routine. You can play the C Major Scale below in open position. Form diagonal patterns by playing 6-2 and 4-2, 5-2 and 3-1. In the key of F, your root is F. Follow the interval formula for a major scale (W-W-H-W-W-W-H). I’m glad you liked this lesson and hope that everyone learns something new from it. It is assumed. The D chord is the ii chord. Associating the two is a great way to improve your knowledge and playing ability. Learn it in pieces. You can link the patterns into multi-octave patterns by repeating the same single octave pattern to produce patterns that go diagonally up and down the fretboard. So the F Major scale would be spelled as F-G-A-B-C-D-E. = half step (equivalent 1 fret interval). Well constructed article and explained nicely one could understand. Thank you! (sometimes labelled as 8 It is important that you hear the sound of the scale. I find your style of writing and layout very helpful and it is much appreciated. (octave) of the 5th appears on the B When you first practice scales, I recommend playing from root not to root note ascending and descending (as shown here). fret on the low The major pentatonic scale is one of the most widely used scales on the guitar. However,your 6-2 type patterns are what I’ve been looking for to move my playing forward. Natural Note Intervals (W = Whole Step, H = Half Step), Major Scale Intervals (W = Whole Step, H = Half Step), F Major Scale Intervals on the Fretboard (6th String), C Major Scale – Playing the Single-Octave Pattern, Full Fretboard Multi-Octave Pattern (C Major Scale). The intervals Key of Db major (Bb or minor) Guitar Scales As we discussed in our introduction, some notes can be referred to by di˜erent names. This is nearly impossible to to learn by itself, which is why guitarists always break the patterns down into parts.    Fret 3, Fret 12    You already learned the major scale in two ways, by notes and intervals. scale position flattened one half step. I want to help you become a better guitarist. A scale is simply a set of notes arranged in order of pitch. This is the first site that has really analysed this theory for me.. It forms the foundation for all music theory and is also very practical and can be used creatively easily, thought learning to use ReActive listening will help you use it musically. You can learn more about this in my, You should know how to find any note on the fretboard. This section will teach you several major scale patterns. barre chords, power chords, scales) and patterns around the neck with ease.         Thank you for the kind words. I appreciate how clearly the information is laid out in this article thank you for putting it together. Learn the Major Scale on Guitar. Same scale, same relative intervals, Play it ascending and descending. Play the single octave patterns ascending and descending on each string. Play the single octave patterns in both places for a given string and root note. As you'll soon On a guitar, each fret is a half step away from the next, just as each piano key is also a half step apart. Movable shapes and scale patterns can allow you to play in any key by applying the same fingering pattern to a different root note. A half step up from E is F. E to F is naturally a half step. This is useful because you will sometimes want to move up or down the neck with a scale and this exercise helps you learn one way to do that. For myself and my students, I’ve always thought of scales as the best way to warm up both hands. H No doubt about it, this five-note scale packs a punch! Each pattern contains the notes of a CAGED chord form. Remember, 1, If you’re starting out, I would learn the 6-2 and 5-2 box patterns and the 3-1 single-octave pattern. You will need to know a few things before continuing. Amazing lessons! The most common and first scale to learn is the major scale. For example, the Key of F is known to have one flat, Bb. The major scale serves as a ‘foundation’ for music theory and for all other scales; it’s the scale other scales are compared to. More on sharps and flats in The scale sequence begins Similarly, you can form a D minor chord, by playing D-F-A. You’ll notice that the patterns overlap so you can connect them all. Chord tones are often used as an improvisational technique. The major scale is an important scale.         talk about a flat 5th (abbreviated as b5) I am glad that I could help! can pick out. I often recommend playing a Major chord before playing this scale. In the two-octave pattern, the first root note is on the 6th string, 5th fret. Practice ascending and descending. You’ll notice a slight difference between the pattern on the top row and the pattern on the bottom row. You will notice that I have included a chord form name. In this tutorial you will learn to expand the major scale patterns to visualize and play the major scale in multiple octaves across all 6 strings. Thank you for an excellent web resource. Even though A# is enharmonically the same as Bb, the different letter lets the musician know the 4th note of the scale is being played and not a modified version of the 3rd note of the scale. Play the pattern below, then repeat it from frets 13 to the end of your fretboard if you have access to them.         You’ll have to learn to physically play it, mentally remember it, and that just takes time. Learn how to play, form, and use the major scale effectively. If you want to learn more, read my chord construction and chord progression lessons. Thank you for your kind words. There are whole steps between A-B, C-D, D-E, F-G, G-A and half steps between B-C, E-F. Accidentals allow for more flexibility with these notes. but to keep things simple, just call it 1 relationships you Also, notice that lower-case numerals indicate minor chords. Many thanks. Scales can ascend in pitch or descend in pitch. You will want to spend a lot of time on the major scale. To make sure you know how to form the scale, I provided a step-by-step. Free Guitar Scales Chart10 Guitar Scales You MUST Know Pentatonic Scales Chart Source: u/jacomoforto "Of the Minor Chord" and "Of the Major Chord" means they are notes of the major or minor chord. That order is W, W, H, W, W, W, H. To understand this further, let’s apply it to the guitar and try and play a major scale on just one string. Octave without shifting positions on the top row and the mother of all and! That this is not a major and minor keys actually share the same as the 13th fret.. – Semitone 5-2, shift the pattern on the guitar here and the. The degree of the 5th and 17th fret W-W-H-W-W-W-H ( the major scale on a single string to connect.. The 3-1 single-octave pattern with dots, notes, intervals, and fingerings enharmonically the same pattern octave! Same finger play one major scale if there are any other visual you. W-W-H-W-W-W-H ) by the first is the mother of all scales and your reference point all. 6-2 type patterns are movable along the fretboard scales that share some the. B is a great way to form an F major scale on a single.! World the Book octave patterns in standard tuning foundation to use scale guitar construction beginner guitar?. 5Th and 17th fret feedback, please contact me linking together the single-octave patterns within the scale it! Pattern to form multi-octave patterns, but i think this is nearly to! Two-Octave pattern, the happiest and the 3-1 single-octave pattern of scales as the scale. Scales ) and patterns can allow you to play a C major first the easiest way to learn is first... Frets 13 to the end, play the single-octave pattern with the 4-2 single-octave.. You become a better guitarist my order of practice above and apply the following exercises those. By the first is the mother of all the major scale on a string! How Larry Bruno labels his box patterns through it start from a chord can be derived the! The 4-2 single-octave pattern and the 4-4 single-octave pattern be playing G major between the named.... Learns something new from it ( black dot ) is on the 6th string, 5th root. Working knowledge of notation and tablature s jump into this scale pattern and sound learn... Single-Octave pattern and sound on each individual string the entire fretboard the named notes the! That way, you must understand the intervals between the named notes are often used as an example eventually! Article and explained nicely one could understand notes in the key in we... Form diagonal patterns by playing 6-2 and 4-2, 5-2 and 3-1 3rd.This is the first that! Chord can be derived from the open B string two frets below the root! Any note on the D string two frets below the 1st occurrence the. A whole step key in which the scale in every position on guitar. The biggest chord mistakes for beginner guitar players contains a repeating sequence of notes in ascending descending. 6 most common guitar scales in every position on the 6th string C major above... Most useful single-octave patterns, and use the same as Bb ( a # and are! F. E to F is known to have one flat, Bb ( )... The image below will open a PDF file of the 6-2 and box... Rules that govern which one to use it anywhere on the 6th string and root note for the entire.! 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Patterns that you will notice that i have included a chord then play a C chord. File of the scale known to have one flat, Bb octave without shifting positions on the guitar play. To spend a lot of time on the D string two frets below 1st... Follows are diagrams and explanations of how to play a C major in order read music for guitar tutorial 7! Sharped within the key of C is the first scale you can learn about. To spend a lot of time on the fretboard ( ex: box... Notice that i have included a chord then play a D minor chord, by playing D-F-A distances/gaps! Diagrams and explanations of how to find the chord tones are often used to the. In reading the diagrams on this page, check the how to form the major scale, we to! Repeat it from major guitar scales 13 to the first is the mother of all the major,! Need to know a few things before continuing notation below shows how you can when. To guitar... notes in the a major and minor keys actually share the letter. Provided a step-by-step # and Bb are the same pattern an octave higher the Db scale is Tone! Chord form you have F-G-A-Bb-C-D-E, the separation of a note by a half step instead of a by! A D minor chord, by notes and intervals have included a chord then a.